12 Essential Steps to a Fantastic Infographic

12 Essential Steps to a Fantastic Infographic

Infographics provide an engaging way to present information that includes text, illustrations, graphs, maps, and photos. On-line infographics can also include gifs and animations. The advantage of an infographic is in the combination of formats used, creating a delightful marriage of verbal and visual information.

 In this article, I’ll give you a brief description of the steps I use to create infographics, starting with a list of the steps. Each step (or combination of steps in some instances) will have a subsequent article, which I’ll link to as soon as it’s done.

Types of Visuals for Science Communication

When communicating scientific concepts, you want your audience to understand what you’re talking about. Your research is exciting, and your results help push back the barriers of ignorance and superstition. Because people are by nature visual creatures, I contend that a great visual, like a graph, illustration, or animation, can make the difference between a befuddled audience and an enlightened audience.

The most common types of visuals used by scientists are graphs, process or procedure diagrams, illustrations of phenomena, and portraits of the study subject. Let’s look at an example of each of these. While you read through this, note the different styles used in each of these visuals. There are a million different styles, and we’ll explore more on style in a future post.



Graph of energy level versus coffee intake. Made in Adobe Illustrator.

Graph of energy level versus coffee intake. Made in Adobe Illustrator.

I suspect the type of visual communication that you’ve used most often are graphs. Most peer–reviewed journals that you’ll publish in have very specific style guidelines. Certain standards are also expected when presenting data in scientific posters and talks. But there are certainly ways in which to liven up graphs. For instance, in the whimsical example graph, an alternative to the standard data point is used and equally silly notation is placed on the axes. These little illustrative touches make it even easier to understand what the graph is about without actually reading any of the text. This graph was made with in Adobe Illustrator (relatively expensive option but Affinity Designer is a good substitute) with a white background.


Procedure or Process Diagram

Procedure diagram for making coffee with a French press. Made with colored pencil on blue paper.

Procedure diagram for making coffee with a French press. Made with colored pencil on blue paper.

A diagram showing the steps in a procedure helps your audience visualize how you conducted your experiment. A process diagram might show how your study subject changes over time. Again, I’ve chosen a reasonably whimsical example of how coffee is made in my house with a French press. This illustration was made with white colored pencil on a dark blue background. In contrast, a process diagram could show the development of a coffee bean from a coffee flower.



Study Subject Portrait

Coffee plant. Made with watercolor and ink.

Coffee plant. Made with watercolor and ink.

Another great type of visual to include is an illustration of your study subject, whether that be a specific molecule, like caffeine, an organism, like the coffee plant, a structure in the human body, or a distant star. These types of visuals give your audience members an image to hold in their minds while you wax eloquent about your research. The caffeine molecule was made in a free 3D modeling program called Blender, and the coffee plant is a watercolor with a bit of pen and ink.

Caffeine molecule. Made in Blender, an open source 3D modeling and animation app.

Caffeine molecule. Made in Blender, an open source 3D modeling and animation app.


Competition between adenosine and caffeine for adenosine receptors in the brain. Made in Procreate on an iPad.

Competition between adenosine and caffeine for adenosine receptors in the brain. Made in Procreate on an iPad.

All sorts of phenomena are the subject of scientific studies. Visuals for phenomena often go beyond a simple illustration of an object. They may imply an interaction among objects such as the electromagnetic field around the earth, the effect of sunlight on photosynthesis, or the effect of caffeine on neurotransmitters. Again, you can often grasp something about the phenomenon with very little text. This illustration shows how caffeine competes with adenosine for the adenosine binding site on a neuron in the brain. This illustration was created in Procreate ($10 drawing app) with a black background and bright colors.

Some of these types of visual communication also lend themselves to animated visuals. While, you can’t use an animation in all situations, they’re great for talks, websites, and for sharing on social media. This is another huge topic I’ll go into more detail in a later post!


It’s pretty likely that you’ve got aspects of your research that lend themselves to each of these types of visual communication. Visual forms of communication can help your audience understand science concepts more quickly and also help them retain that information for longer.


Which of these forms of visual communication are you using now? Have you come up with another nifty way to use visuals to communicate your science? 

Glad you stopped by!

Hey everyone!


I thought it would be awfully nice to introduce myself and let you know what I want you to get out of this blog. I’m a freelance scientific illustrator, animator, and writer who started my freelance business, Animedia Science, in 2010. I started out at ground zero and have grown a successful business where I often have to turn down work because I already have too much. Truly, this is one of the best problems for a freelancer to have!



Cheryl, photography flowers

One of my loves is native plants and I spend lots of time chatting with them and photographing them.

Who is this Cheryl anyway?

Well, I’m a lot of things really. My training is in science, biology and botany specifically. When I finished my doctoral degree, I began post-doctoral research and had my first child. I decided then that an academic life was not for me; the hours were far too long to be able to spend as much time as I wanted to with my wee baby. I knew I wanted a flexible job, but didn’t have a clue what that would be. I bounced around for a few years trying to find a freelance career that I was passionate about.


One day, I was reading a scientific article and thought to myself, ‘This information would make an amazing animation!’ and the light bulb went off. I wanted to be a scientific animator.


That decision changed my life. I embarked on a journey to retrain myself in a field I knew little about. I’ve had mentors along the way, made some stupid mistakes, meandered off course, and added other skills onto the original dream of being an animator.  


Now, I animate, illustrate, write, and edit scientific material for scientific education and communication, and I produce educational video tutorials to help students with confusing scientific topics. I tend to be offered more work than I can actually do and just reached a huge milestone with my business this year – I now hire a contractor to help me with my overflow work!


Freelancing is really hard when you’re getting started.

You’re full of questions. Can I make my dream a reality? How do I find clients? What should my portfolio be like? Should I specialize in one area? Do I need a website? Do I need to be on ALL of the social media platforms?


It can be really overwhelming! I know, I’ve been there too. I’ve had questions and struggles and boy, have I made some dumb mistakes.


The process can be scary too. I was so worried about starting something new and unknown. Would I spread my wings only to crash and burn? And then I thought, ‘What is the worst thing that will happen? I will have wasted some time, and I’d probably feel a little embarrassed at failing.’ But I decided I could live with that. The risk was worth the potential reward!


My goal is to guide you from future freelance illustrator to wildly successful freelancer. Know that you will make mistakes. Mistakes are part of the process of learning something new.

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So let’s get started!

The blog will focus on 4 big areas that are essential for a successful freelance illustration business:

- Creating and showing off your portfolio

- building your network

- building your reputation

- logistics of running a business


Want to help make this blog even better?

If you have suggestions or questions, please leave me a comment or drop me an email. I want you to be successful and that starts with knowing what you need!

When Working for Free Helps Your Business Grow

When Working for Free Helps Your Business Grow


You can’t get find work without experience and you can’t get experience without work. What the heck is a freelancer to do?

Whether you’re just starting out as a freelancer or trying to break into a new field, it can be remarkably hard to find those first few gigs. In this article, I’ll discuss the judicious use of working for free.